These next four magical texts were created many years ago by combining symbols from runic, hebrew and other alphabets.

### THEBAN ALPHABET (AKA:The Witches Alphabet)

**These next three scripts were seraphic alphabets created by angels. Commonly, they were sometimes called "Celestial" or "Coelestial Writing". They were used to write Holy spells.**

### MALACHUM WRITING

### CELESTIAL ALPHABET

### PAFSING (Passing) THE RIVER ("Du Passage Du Fleuve")

### NUMBERS

Man could have just spelled out a number phonetically using an alphabetic script, but in some cases, numbers were used so often that they needed an abbreviation. Some cultures never had a separate set of characters for their numbers. Often they used the numerical position of their letters in their alphabets as their form for numbers. For instance, using our alphabet, the letter "D" would stand for the numeric value of four. Keep in mind that all cultures did not use a base 10 mathematical system such as ourselves. Thus the 18th letter in an alphabet would stand for the numeric value of 18. If needed to represent a higher value than the last number in an alphabet, two or more letters would have to be adjoined together. Listed below are a few different types of number systems.
**ROMAN NUMERALS**

I = 1

V = 5

X = 10

L = 50

C = 100

D = 500

M = 1000

All other numbers are represented by combinations of these numerals. The numbers are written from left to right and are usually formed by adding the numbers together.

Example: | X | + | V | + | I | + | I | + | I | = | XVIII |

| 10 | + | 5 | + | 1 | + | 1 | + | 1 | = | 18 |

And: | D | + | C | + | L | + | X | + | X | + | I | = | DCLXXI |

| 500 | + | 100 | + | 50 | + | 10 | + | 10 | + | 1 | = | 671 |

If you want something unfamiliar for your adventurers, here are a few more choices.

### BABYLONIAN NUMBER SYSTEM

Created with the same "stick in clay" form of writing as in the Ugaritic Alphabet, is the babylonian number system. This system was used from 2000 BC till 75 AD.

### GLAGOLITIC NUMERALS

BRAHMI NUMERALS

NAGARI NUMERALS

HEBREW NUMERALS

PENTATHIC NUMERALS

SANSKRIT NUMBERS

NOTE: Keep in mind that you may use any alphabet as a numbering system if you apply its position in the alphabet as it's numeric value.

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